What are Ireland’s Biometric Passport Photo Requirements?

The biometric passport is a document that certifies your identity and allows you to travel abroad. When creating your application, it is important that your passport photo is valid and correctly taken.

It must be in line with rules at national and international (ICAO) level. If you decide to create a photo on your own, be sure to specifically check national standards as they might be stricter than those of ICAO.

In Ireland, according to the International Civil Aviation Organisation, you may only submit a photograph which was taken within the last half year. The image may not be scanned and must be an original photograph. The photograph must not be altered in any way.

Printed Format versus Digital Format

When applying for a passport book or card online, you will need to submit your photo in a digital format. On the other hand, if you prefer to apply via the paper application form, you will need to submit a photo in printed format. Fortunately the guidelines for both printed and digital formats are fairly easy to understand.

The Size of Passport Photo: Digital and Printed

Each country can decide on its own format, so make sure to note that before taking a photo on your own. Additionally, some countries have different requirements for printed and digital format (like Ireland). In Europe the official photo size is 45mm high by 35mm wide. This is the minimum size for Ireland when using a printed photograph. The maximum size is 38mm x 50mm.

The size of the face (from the bottom of the chin to the top of the head (excluding the hair)) varies from country to country. In Ireland, your face needs to take up around 70 – 80 percent of the frame and you should see the top of the shoulders. More and more countries transfer to digital public services and accept digital photo format, specifying dimensions in pixels and file size.

In Ireland, a digital photograph shouldn’t be smaller than 715 pixels in width, and 951 pixels in height. It needs to be submitted in JPEG format and may not be larger than 9 megabytes.

What are the international mandatory regulations for passport photo?

Below you will find the main mandatory standards for passport photos in Ireland specifically. Take note that your passport photo must resemble you in the best way possible.


The photo should have a good balance between overexposure and underexposure. It should be high contrast, with no shadow on the face or in the background. A color photo is required for digital format, and a black and white photograph is recommended for printed forms, but colour is also accepted.


The photo must be of high quality (clear, without traces or folding lines). If you submit it in digital format, make sure that the file size is not too big or too small and that it has the appropriate resolution and image depth. (See photo size). The photo must not be distorted in any way such as barrel or compression artifacts. For printed photos, there must not be any creases or ink marks. Photos should be in clear focus and digital alterations are not permitted.

3. Background

The background should be in plain color. In Ireland, it needs to be plain, more specifically cream, white or light grey. No objects should be visible within the background.


Your head must be bare, without a hat, scarf, headband or any other decorative object and your hair must be seen. No visible accessories should be noticeable on your official photo. That includes barrettes, elastic bands and other extras. If your hair is bothering you, tie it in a ponytail behind your head. It will not be visible in the photo.

Only little make-up is allowed because it can affect computerized as well as human facial recognition capabilities. The photograph needs to show the top of your head to the mid torso with a little bit of space inbetween.


The subject must face the lens, hold head straight and look directly into the lens. A neutral expression must be maintained with closed mouth.


Face must be clear. Eyes must be open. The aim is to recognize you as well as possible.


Thick frames are prohibited on an id photo. Glasses must not obscure the eyes, therefore tinted glasses are prohibited. Note that there should be also no reflection on the glasses. Due to high number of refused photos, we kindly ask you to remove glasses when taking photo with Smartphone iD app.


Wearing clothes is obligatory and it cannot be uniform.

The photo must show only your head, neck and shoulders.

Cick hear to read the official document on the biometric passport photos by the ICAO.

How to make succesful passport photos with Smartphone iD?

Stand one meter from wall to avoid the shadow.

Hold your arm straight at the level of your shoulders.

Fit your body within the mask.

Your back camera can produce a higher quality picture

Remember if your iD photos are not accepted, the process of getting passport or any other official document will be prolonged. So let our team make sure that your photo conforms with the national and ICAO standards, and spare yourself the unease about a possible refusal!

Our software respects the standards of ISO/IEC 1979465 and the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) that guarantees ID photo quality and conformity with all the requirements (format, face angles, brightness, resolution etc.) Certain countries require stricter rules at national level that are programmed into our software.

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